About George OrwellEric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English poet, author and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language, and a belief in democratic socialism. Orwell is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (published in 1949) and the satirical novella Animal Farm (1945) — they have together sold more copies than any two books by any other twentieth-century author. His 1938 book Homage to Catalonia, an account of his experiences as a volunteer on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War, together with numerous essays on politics, literature, language, and culture, have been widely acclaimed. From 1921 to 1927 he was an officer in the British Colonial Police in Burma. In 1936 he took part in the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side. He wrote novels such as Pastor's Daughter (1935) and Popping Up for a Breath (1939), social reports such as Done in Paris and London (1933) and The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), and essays. Orwell became world famous for his dystopias Animal Farm (1945), a satirical fable about Soviet Communism, and 1984 (1949), a vision of a future totalitarian state. Today he is considered one of the most important writers in English literature.
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